A temporary dialysis catheter is inserted into the artery to exchange blood using a hemodialysis machine. The catheter for dialysis has two lumens – a venous and arterial lumen. These lumens act like natural arteries and carry blood to and from the heart allowing cleaned blood into the bloodstream.
Once the catheter site is cleaned and numbed, the vein is located using an ultrasound. The vein is then accessed with a needle, and a guidewire is threaded into the vein. The opening is then enlarges for the catheter to be inserted and the guidewire is removed. Lastly, an x-ray is taken of the chest to ensure the catheter is in place. Thereafter dialysis can begin.
A temporary dialysis catheter is usually inserted for people who have acute kidney failure or kidney disease. For those who need long-term dialysis, a permanent catheter [insert hyperlink to page] may be inserted instead.
Temporary catheters are inserted without anaesthesia and require no hospital stay while permanent catheters require hospital stay.
Fluid may have been used during surgery, and a drain may be used to remove excess fluid after surgery. Following a permanent catheter insertion you may experience the following:
All these symptoms are normal and are nothing to be concerned about. Re-consult if you have an unusually high temperature, chills, swelling of the site, a lot of blood leaking from the site as emergency care may be needed.
You will be able to resume normal activities soon after the catheter is inserted and dialysis is complete.
The risk of complications during laparoscopic surgery is very low; however, there are risks involved in any surgery, and the following complications can occur: